The city of Uttar Pradesh, 200 km from the country’s capital Delhi, is known for Agra Taj Mahal. Apart from the Taj Mahal located here, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri are also included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The history of Agra dates back to the 11th century. Over the years, both Hindu and Muslim rulers ruled here. Therefore, a confluence of two types of culture is seen here.
History of Agra In 1526, Mughal emperor Babur made Agra the capital. After this, it remained the capital of the Mughal Empire until 1658. The Mughal rulers were very interested in construction. This is the reason that many excellent constructions can be seen in Agra. In that period, every king built grand tombs to better his ancestors. The first of these comes the name of Taj Mahal, which was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Today the Taj Mahal has become a symbol of love all over the world. Emperor Akbar renovated the Agra Fort and built Fatehpur Sikri on the outskirts of the city.
Agra is a part of the Agra Golden Trangill in tourism, covering Agra, Jaipur and Delhi. Due to its proximity to Delhi, tourists prefer a day trip to Agra. It is not that there is only Taj Mahal in Agra. Apart from this, there are many places to eat here. Fatehpur Sikri and Mathura are not far from Agra. The city has a bustling market from where you can buy souvenirs and local crafts. However, you should beware of the brokers, rickshaws and unauthorized guides who collect money arbitrarily.. Tourist places in and around Agra Historical monuments and buildings are the main attractions of Agra. Apart from the Taj Mahal, you can also visit Agra Fort and Akbar’s Tomb built on the banks of river Yamuna. A visit to Chini Roja, Diwan-e-Aam and Diwane Khas gives us an idea of the nuances of the Mulag regime. Apart from this, walking around Etamadud Daula’s tomb, Maryam Zamani’s tomb, Jaswant’s chhatri, sixty-four pillars and Taj Sangrahalaya can prove to be a good experience. Like other cities in India, religious generosity can be clearly seen in Agra. The Jama Masjid is part of the famous Hindu temple Bageshwar Nath. Like other cities of India, Agra is also very confused. However, there is also Soumi Bagh and Mahtab Bagh, where the atmosphere is very quiet. You can see the beautiful view of sunrise, sunrise and Taj Mahal from here. Agra not only attracts tourists but also birds. The Keetham Lake and Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary here attracts a large number of migratory birds such as spoonbills, Siberian cranes, sarne cranes, Brahmani ducks, bar-headed geese and gadwalls and shovelers.
How to reach Agra ?
Agra is well connected by air, rail and road. The best time to visit Agra is from October to March.
Agra is connected to the rest of the country by NH2, NH3 and NH11. Luxury buses like government buses, private buses and Volvo are available for Agra. Uttar Pradesh tourism also provides deluxe bus for tourists to visit the favorite place in the city. His services also extend to Sikandra and Fatehpur Sikri. The recently built Noida Expressway has provided another option to reach Agra and has also reduced the time taken to reach here. Now you can reach Agra from Delhi in just two hours.
Agra is well connected by rail route. There are seven railway stations in the city. It does not include Tundla Junction, which is one hour away from Agra. Of these seven railway stations, Agra Fort Railway Station, Agra Cantt Railway Station and Raja Ki Mandi are the main ones. All major trains pass through these stations. Apart from Rajdhani and Shatabdi, it also includes the luxury train ‘Palace on Wheel’, in which you can experience royal living. Tundla station is well connected to Agra by road.
Kheria Airport located in Agra is 5 km from the city. There are many domestic airline services from all over India.
The fort of Agra is sometimes called the Red Fort. Not only the red color, but also the architectural style and design of the Red Fort in Delhi is quite similar. Both the forts have been constructed with red sandstone. This is the reason that when tourists see the fort of Agra, they remember the Red Fort of Delhi. It is the second World Heritage Site in Agra after Tajmalah. It was built in 1565 by the Mughal emperor Akbar. Interestingly, there is a plank at the entrance of the fort, on which it is written that this fort was originally constructed before 1000 AD and Akbar only renovated it. Later Shah Jahan further upgraded it. He made it even more spectacular with marble and beautiful carvings. This fort is built in a crescent shape and is situated opposite the Yamuna River. It has percolates, between which heavy bastions have equal intervals.
Ketham Lake and Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary
Kitham Lake is located 12 km from Sikandra and 20 km from Agra on National Highway-2. This picturesque lake is in the midst of a serene environment and provides a great option for a picnic. Also, a few moments of rest can be spent here amidst the rush of urban life.
The Panchabhoja shaped Keetham lake formed by the accumulation of water in the catchment area of about 7.13 square km has lots of water birds. Along with the huge range of fish, its beauty is further enhanced.
Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary The picturesque Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary, built near Lake Ketham, has more than 100 species of local and migratory birds. It is also home to 12 species of mammals and 18 species of reptiles. Spoonbills, Siberian cranes, saranes cranes, Brahmani ducks, bar-headed geese and gadwalls and shovelers are some of the major species of birds found here. This sanctuary is easily accessible from the Keetham railway station. Uttar Pradesh Forest Department named this entire region as National Bird Sanctuary on 27 March 1991.
Feroz Khan Khwaja Sarai’s Tomb
Feroz Khan Khwajasarai is also mentioned in the account of the Mughal emperor Jahangir. Actually he was an aristocrat in the court of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. His title Khwaja Sarai suggests that he was in charge of the harem rather than the royal women’s residence. Feroze Khan died on 7 October 1647. But at that time there was a tradition among the nobles that they built their own tomb while alive. Feroz Khan did the same and named his mausoleum Tal Feroz Khan. It is a two-storied mausoleum built of red sandstone situated on Gwalior Road, some distance from Agra. Its complex can be reached by a curved door at the northern end. Feroz Khan’s tomb is on a 40 feet square octagonal column on the ground floor, which comes under a semicircular dome. The decoration of this mausoleum is quite similar to the mausoleums of Akbar and Etmadud Daula.
Bageshwar Nath Temple
There are many temples in Agra. Among them are Mangleshwar Temple, Shri Krishna Pranami Temple, Arya Samaj Temple and a famous temple dedicated to Swami Ji Maharaj at Dayal Bagh. Some of these temples in the city are dedicated to Lord Shiva. One of them is Bageshwar Nath Temple, which is located in the Civil Line area near Raja Ki Mandi on Ramlattan Road. Located two km from the city, this temple is near St. John’s College and Income Tax Office. It can be reached easily by buses plying in the city. This grand temple has 10 Shiva lingas. It is revered among the locals. Also, as a tourist destination, it has a lot of fame in India as well as abroad. On the occasion of the festival, this temple shines with colorful lights and huge crowds of devotees throng.
Maryam Uj-Zamani Palace
Maryam was the first Rajput wife of Emperor Akbar. She was the eldest daughter of Raja Bharatmal, the Kachwaha Rajput general of Amber. This Amber is today known as Ajmer. It was Maryam who gave birth to Salim, Akbar’s much-awaited son, who was later known as Nuruddin Salim Jehangir. That is why he was given the title of Maryam Uj-Zamani. Maryam Uj-Zamani died in 1622 and her son Jahangir built this palace in his name. The palace is located on Tantpur road in Jyoti Nagar, close to Akbar’s tomb. Earlier this palace was built as a residence for the royal women living in the curtain. Many rooms are built around the courtyard of this palace. There is also a garden at the northern end of the palace, which is connected to the palace by a bridge.